Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) is a fantasy role-playing game that has been published since 1974. Its first edition, original Dungeons & Dragons, was the first modern role-playing game, and was created by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson.
Editions of Dungeons & Dragons
Several different editions of Dungeons & Dragons have been produced since its first publication in 1974. The most recent and current edition of the game is known as 5th edition, although there have been more than four editions before this one, primarily because of multiple product lines between 1977 and 2000.
After the original edition of D&D was introduced in 1974, the game was split into two branches in 1977: the rules-light system of Dungeons & Dragons and the more complex, rules-heavy system of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (AD&D). There were five editions of the standard game and two editions of AD&D, as follows:
- Dungeons & Dragons Basic edition in 1977
- Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (1st edition) in 1977
- Dungeons & Dragons BX edition in 1982, consisting of Basic and Expert box sets
- Dungeons & Dragons BECMI edition in 1983, consisting of Basic, Expert, Companion, Master and Immortals box sets
- Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd edition in 1989
- Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia edition in 1991, consisting of a new introductory box set and the Rules Cyclopedia
- Classic Dungeons & Dragons in 1994, in a new box set
In 2000 the two branch split was ended when a new version was designated Dungeons & Dragons 3rd edition, keeping the edition numbering of AD&D but dropping the Advanced prefix. This edition was updated as version 3.5 in 2003, but new publications were largely compatible with other 3rd edition products.
Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition was published in 2008. Some products were released in 2010 under the title Dungeons & Dragons Essentials, with slightly different rules for some character options, but was fundamentally compatible with the 4th edition products.
Dungeons & Dragons 5th edition was released in 2014.
Wizards of the Coast produces new materials only for the latest edition of the game, but many D&D fans, however, continue to play older versions of the game and some third-party companies continue to publish materials compatible with these older editions.
|1974||Original Dungeons & Dragons|
|1977||Advanced Dungeons & Dragons||Dungeons & Dragons Basic edition
|1981||Dungeons & Dragons BX edition
|1983||Dungeons & Dragons BECMI edition
|1989||Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 2nd Edition
|1991||Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia edition|
|1994||Classic Dungeons & Dragons
|2000||Dungeons & Dragons 3rd edition|
|2003||Dungeons & Dragons v. 3.5|
|2008||Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition
|2010||Dungeons & Dragons Essentials
|2014||Dungeons & Dragons 5th edition