FANDOM


(Terminology)
Line 36: Line 36:
 
===Alternative generic terms for GM===
 
===Alternative generic terms for GM===
 
*'''Admin''' - e.g. in ''[[White Lies]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Admin''' - e.g. in ''[[White Lies]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Administrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Top Secret]]''<ref name="forum5">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-5 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
+
*'''Administrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Top Secret]]''<ref name="forum5">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-5 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Arbiter''' - e.g. in ''[[Archetype (game)|Archetype]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Arbiter''' - e.g. in ''[[Archetype (game)|Archetype]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Author''' - e.g. in ''[[Age of Empire]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Author''' - e.g. in ''[[Age of Empire]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
Line 48: Line 48:
 
*'''Game Control''' - in ''[[Spycraft]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Game Control''' - in ''[[Spycraft]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Game Guide''' - in ''[[Pip System]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Game Guide''' - in ''[[Pip System]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Gamejudge''' - in ''[[Phantasia]]''<ref>Chris Timmins (2018-09-10). [https://www.rpggeek.com/thread/2057267/id-score-it-four-fingers-maybe-thumb "I'd score it four fingers... maybe a thumb..."]. [[RPGGeek]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Game Leader''' - Equivalents of this term are common in other languages, including Norwegian ''Spilleder'' (SL), Finnish ''Pelinjohtaja'' (PJ) and German ''Spielleiter''<ref name="forum3">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Game Leader''' - Equivalents of this term are common in other languages, including Norwegian ''Spilleder'' (SL), Finnish ''Pelinjohtaja'' (PJ) and German ''Spielleiter''<ref name="forum3">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Game Manager''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Manager''' (GM)
Line 53: Line 54:
 
*'''Game Maven''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Maven''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Moderator''' (GM) - e.g. in ''[[Over the Edge]]''<ref name="forum2">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>, ''[[Wild Talents]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Game Moderator''' (GM) - e.g. in ''[[Over the Edge]]''<ref name="forum2">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>, ''[[Wild Talents]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Game Operations Designate''' (G.O.D.) - in ''[[The Legend of Yore]]''<ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_99.phtml "Review of ''The Legend of Yore''"]. [[RPG.net]]</ref>
+
*'''Game Operations Designate''' (G.O.D.) - in ''[[The Legend of Yore]]''<ref>Joe Walsh (2017-08-28). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_99.phtml "Review of ''The Legend of Yore''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
*'''Games Operation Director''' (G.O.D.) - e.g. in ''[[Haven: City of Violence]]''<ref>[https://www.geeknative.com/765/haven-city-of-violence/ "''Haven: City of Violence''"]. Geek Native</ref>
+
*'''Games Operation Director''' (G.O.D.) - e.g. in ''[[Haven: City of Violence]]''<ref>Andrew Girdwood (2009-08-21). [https://www.geeknative.com/765/haven-city-of-violence/ "''Haven: City of Violence''"]. [[Geek Native]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Game Operator''' - in ''[[Legacy]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Game Operator''' - in ''[[Legacy]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Game Organizer''' - in ''[[Dystopia Rising]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Game Organizer''' - in ''[[Dystopia Rising]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
Line 67: Line 68:
 
*'''Master of Ceremonies (MC)''' - e.g. in ''[[Apocalypse World]]'' and other games [[Powered by the Apocalypse]]
 
*'''Master of Ceremonies (MC)''' - e.g. in ''[[Apocalypse World]]'' and other games [[Powered by the Apocalypse]]
 
*'''Moderator''' - e.g. in ''[[Blue Planet]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Moderator''' - e.g. in ''[[Blue Planet]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Narrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Seven Leagues]]''<ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/12/12417.phtml "Review of Seven ''Leagues''"]. [[RPG.net]]</ref>, ''[[Houses of the Blooded]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
+
*'''Narrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Seven Leagues]]''<ref>Iain Fyffe (2006-08-25). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/12/12417.phtml "Review of ''Seven Leagues''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>, ''[[Houses of the Blooded]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Producer''' - e.g. in ''[[Primetime Adventures]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Producer''' - e.g. in ''[[Primetime Adventures]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Referee''' - e.g. in ''[[Traveller]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/> or ''[[RuneQuest 2]]''<ref name="forum2"/>
 
*'''Referee''' - e.g. in ''[[Traveller]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/> or ''[[RuneQuest 2]]''<ref name="forum2"/>
Line 176: Line 177:
 
*'''Overlord''' - in ''[[Descent]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Overlord''' - in ''[[Descent]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Overseer''' - in ''[[Catacombs]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Overseer''' - in ''[[Catacombs]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Owner of Arcane Rules''' - in ''[[Pokéthulhu Adventure Game]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
+
*'''Owner of Arcane Rules''' - in ''[[Pokéthulhu Adventure Game]]''<ref name="forum3"/><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Parser''' - in ''[[Parsely]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Parser''' - in ''[[Parsely]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Playwright''' - in ''[[The Play's the Thing]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Playwright''' - in ''[[The Play's the Thing]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
Line 191: Line 192:
 
*'''Runner''' - in ''[[Rune]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Runner''' - in ''[[Rune]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Scenemaster''' - in ''[[Non-Essential Personnel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Scenemaster''' - in ''[[Non-Essential Personnel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''SchoolMaster''' - in ''[[Alma Mater]]''<ref>Perdustin (2016-01-10). [https://thoulsparadise.blogspot.com/2016/01/the-high-school-role-playing-game.html "The High School Role-Playing Game"]. [[Thoul's Paradise]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Script Supervisor''' - in ''[[Golden Heroes]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Script Supervisor''' - in ''[[Golden Heroes]]''<ref name="forum"/>
*'''Seneschal''' - in ''[[The Riddle of Steel]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/9/9273.phtml "Review of ''The Riddle of Steel''"]. [[RPG.net]]</ref>
+
*'''Seneschal''' - in ''[[The Riddle of Steel]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>Chris Safruik (2003-04-28). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/9/9273.phtml "Review of ''The Riddle of Steel''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Sensei''' - in ''[[Chi-Chian RPG]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Sensei''' - in ''[[Chi-Chian RPG]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Sherpa Guide''' - in ''[[Sherpa]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Sherpa Guide''' - in ''[[Sherpa]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
Line 204: Line 206:
 
*'''Talespinner''' - in ''[[Crazy 8s]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Talespinner''' - in ''[[Crazy 8s]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Troublemaker''' - in ''[[Flatpack]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Troublemaker''' - in ''[[Flatpack]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''TWERPSMaster''' - in ''[[TWERPS]]''<ref name="forum3"/>
 
*'''Umpire''' - in ''[[Lace & Steel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Umpire''' - in ''[[Lace & Steel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''War Master''' - in ''[[Weird Wars]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''War Master''' - in ''[[Weird Wars]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
Line 209: Line 212:
 
*'''Watchtower''' - in ''[[Smallville]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Watchtower''' - in ''[[Smallville]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Winter''' - in ''[[Wolfspell]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Winter''' - in ''[[Wolfspell]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Wulin Sage''' - in ''[[Weapons of the Gods]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11486.phtml "Review of ''Weapons of the Gods''"]. [[RPG.net]]</ref>
+
*'''Wulin Sage''' - in ''[[Weapons of the Gods]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>Jye Nicolson (2005-08-22). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11486.phtml "Review of ''Weapons of the Gods''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Zargon''', aka '''Morcar''' in the UK - in ''[[HeroQuest]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Zargon''', aka '''Morcar''' in the UK - in ''[[HeroQuest]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Zombie Master''' - in ''[[All Flesh Must Be Eaten]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Zombie Master''' - in ''[[All Flesh Must Be Eaten]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>

Revision as of 12:06, January 5, 2020

A GM (also known by other terms, see below) is a participant in a multi-player role-playing game whose role is to describe the imaginary world that the player characters inhabit, including by controlling NPCs. A GM is sometimes considered to be a player, but that term is also often used to describe game participants other than the GM.

GMs are so common in multi-player role-playing games that a game without a GM role is usually called GMless.

GMing tasks (responsibilities and expectations)

The GM role is associated with certain tasks. Depending on the system, a specific task may be a GM's responsibility, an expectation that falls on them, or (less often) a player's responsibility. Even when the task falls on the GM, the system may give them sufficient authority to delegate it to one or more other players.

GMing tasks include:

Terminology

The term GM was originally an acronym for game master, but is now a widely understood term in its own right.

The term game master existed in tabletop gaming before the creation of modern role-playing games with Dungeons & Dragons in 1974. For example, it appeared in the 1973 rules of the miniatures wargame Ironclad by Guidon Games. However, the first term used in original Dungeons & Dragons was referee (also used in wargaming)[1], before a new term was created specifically for Dungeons & Dragons in 1975's Blackmoor supplement by Dave Arneson: Dungeon Master (or DM). The term Dungeon Master was trademarked by TSR, and related specifically to the fantasy dungeon crawling style of play in D&D, so other early role-playing games (such as Tunnels & Trolls, Bunnies & Burrows in 1976, and Chivalry & Sorcery in 1977) reverted to the pre-existing term game master (or gamemaster, game-master, or GM).

The early terms game master and Dungeon Master have faced criticism, both because they imply a high level of control over the story by the GM (as opposed to the players) and because the gendered term master implies that GMs are male.

Many other terms for the GM have appeared in discourse or specific role-playing games. These other terms may have been used to address the criticism mentioned above, or to more closely align to the tone or setting of the specific games, or the role of the GM in those games. Some examples are included in the lists below.

Alternative generic terms for GM

Game-specific terms for GM

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3) at the RPG.net Forums
  2. 2.000 2.001 2.002 2.003 2.004 2.005 2.006 2.007 2.008 2.009 2.010 2.011 2.012 2.013 2.014 2.015 2.016 2.017 2.018 2.019 2.020 2.021 2.022 2.023 2.024 2.025 2.026 2.027 2.028 2.029 2.030 2.031 2.032 2.033 2.034 2.035 2.036 2.037 2.038 2.039 2.040 2.041 2.042 2.043 2.044 2.045 2.046 2.047 2.048 2.049 2.050 2.051 2.052 2.053 2.054 2.055 2.056 2.057 2.058 2.059 2.060 2.061 2.062 2.063 2.064 2.065 2.066 2.067 2.068 2.069 2.070 2.071 2.072 2.073 2.074 2.075 2.076 2.077 2.078 2.079 2.080 2.081 2.082 2.083 2.084 2.085 2.086 2.087 2.088 2.089 2.090 2.091 2.092 2.093 2.094 2.095 2.096 2.097 2.098 2.099 2.100 2.101 2.102 2.103 2.104 2.105 2.106 2.107 2.108 2.109 2.110 2.111 2.112 2.113 2.114 2.115 2.116 2.117 2.118 2.119 2.120 2.121 2.122 2.123 2.124 2.125 2.126 2.127 2.128 2.129 2.130 2.131 2.132 2.133 2.134 2.135 2.136 2.137 2.138 2.139 2.140 2.141 2.142 2.143 2.144 2.145 2.146 2.147 2.148 Lowell Francis (2019-07-24). "Age of Ravens: The Many Names of Gamemasters (2019 Update)". The Gauntlet. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  3. Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5) at the RPG.net Forums
  4. Conan McKegg (2006-02-24). "Review of Armageddon: The End Times". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Other terms for Gamemaster at the RPG.net Forums
  6. Clemens Meier (2003-12-15). "Review of Pandemonium! Adventures in Tabloid World". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  7. Chris Timmins (2018-09-10). "I'd score it four fingers... maybe a thumb...". RPGGeek. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2) at the RPG.net Forums
  9. Joe Walsh (2017-08-28). "Review of The Legend of Yore". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  10. Andrew Girdwood (2009-08-21). "Haven: City of Violence". Geek Native. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  11. Iain Fyffe (2006-08-25). "Review of Seven Leagues". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Phil Masters. "On The Vocabulary of Role-Playing".
  13. Christopher W. Richeson (2007-07-23). "Review of AGON". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  14. Conan McKegg (2002-02-15). "Review of Agone". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  15. Darren MacLennan (2001-08-03). "Review of The World of Synnibarr". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  16. SirPhoebos. "WWE Roleplaying Game". FATAL & Friends. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  17. Perdustin (2016-01-10). "The High School Role-Playing Game". Thoul's Paradise. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  18. Chris Safruik (2003-04-28). "Review of The Riddle of Steel". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  19. Jye Nicolson (2005-08-22). "Review of Weapons of the Gods". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.

External links

  • GM at Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  • Dungeon Master at Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.