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(Game-specific terms for GM: +Turn)
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A '''GM''' (also known by other terms, [[#Terminology|see below]]) is a participant in a multi-player [[role-playing game]] whose role is to describe the [[imaginary world]] that the [[player character]]s inhabit, including by controlling [[NPC]]s. A GM is sometimes considered to be a [[player]], but that term is also often used to describe game participants other than the GM.
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A '''GM''' (also known by other terms, [[#Terminology|see below]]) is a participant in a multi-player [[role-playing game]] whose role is to describe the [[game world]] that the [[player character]]s inhabit, including by controlling [[NPC]]s. A GM is sometimes considered to be a [[player]], but that term is also often used to describe game participants other than the GM.
   
 
GMs are so common in multi-player role-playing games that a game without a GM role is usually called [[GMless]].
 
GMs are so common in multi-player role-playing games that a game without a GM role is usually called [[GMless]].
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*Portray the [[non-player character]]s.
 
*Portray the [[non-player character]]s.
 
*Set the [[scene]] for the [[player character]]s.
 
*Set the [[scene]] for the [[player character]]s.
*[[Narration|Narrate]] what is happening in the world (see also [[authorial privilege]]).
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*[[Narration|Narrate]] what is happening in the [[game world]] (see also [[authorial privilege]]).
 
*Allow or encourage players to make [[meaningful choice]]s for their characters.
 
*Allow or encourage players to make [[meaningful choice]]s for their characters.
 
*Respond to player character actions and [[resolution|resolve]] moments of uncertainty (either through [[fiat]] or other [[game mechanics]]).
 
*Respond to player character actions and [[resolution|resolve]] moments of uncertainty (either through [[fiat]] or other [[game mechanics]]).
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The early terms ''game master'' and ''Dungeon Master'' have faced criticism, both because they imply a high level of control over the story by the GM (as opposed to the players) and because the gendered term ''master'' implies that GMs are male.
 
The early terms ''game master'' and ''Dungeon Master'' have faced criticism, both because they imply a high level of control over the story by the GM (as opposed to the players) and because the gendered term ''master'' implies that GMs are male.
   
Many other terms for the GM have appeared in discourse or specific role-playing games. These other terms may have been used to address the criticism mentioned above, or to more closely align to the tone or setting of the specific games, or the role of the GM in those games. Some alternative generic terms include:
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Many other terms for the GM have appeared in discourse or specific role-playing games. These other terms may have been used to address the criticism mentioned above, or to more closely align to the tone or setting of the specific games, or the role of the GM in those games. Some examples are included in the lists below.
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===Alternative generic terms for GM===
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*'''Admin''' - e.g. in ''[[White Lies]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Administrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Top Secret]]''<ref name="forum5">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-5 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Administrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Top Secret]]''<ref name="forum5">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-5 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
*'''Director''' - e.g. in ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer Roleplaying Game]]'' and other [[Cinematic Unisystem]] games by [[Eden Studios]]<ref name="forum"/>
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*'''Arbiter''' - e.g. in ''[[Archetype (game)|Archetype]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Author''' - e.g. in ''[[Age of Empire]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Authority''' - e.g. in ''[[Misspent Youth]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Campaign Master''' - in ''[[Star Ace]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Caretaker''' - in ''[[Small Things]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Chronicler''' - e.g. in ''[[Witchcraft]]'' and ''[[Armageddon: The End Times]]''<ref>Conan McKegg (2006-02-24). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11977.phtml "Review of ''Armageddon: The End Times''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
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*'''Control''' - e.g. in ''[[Agents of S.W.I.N.G.]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Director''' - e.g. in ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer Roleplaying Game]]'' and other [[Cinematic Unisystem]] games by [[Eden Studios]]<ref name="forum"/>, ''[[Night's Black Agents]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Editor''' - e.g. in ''[[Pandemonium!]]''<ref>Clemens Meier (2003-12-15). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11977.phtml "Review of ''Pandemonium! Adventures in Tabloid World''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Game Control''' - in ''[[Spycraft]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Game Control''' - in ''[[Spycraft]]''<ref name="forum"/>
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*'''Game Guide''' - in ''[[Pip System]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Gamejudge''' - in ''[[Phantasia]]''<ref>Chris Timmins (2018-09-10). [https://www.rpggeek.com/thread/2057267/id-score-it-four-fingers-maybe-thumb "I'd score it four fingers... maybe a thumb..."]. [[RPGGeek]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Game Leader''' - Equivalents of this term are common in other languages, including Norwegian ''Spilleder'' (SL), Finnish ''Pelinjohtaja'' (PJ) and German ''Spielleiter''<ref name="forum3">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Game Leader''' - Equivalents of this term are common in other languages, including Norwegian ''Spilleder'' (SL), Finnish ''Pelinjohtaja'' (PJ) and German ''Spielleiter''<ref name="forum3">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Game Manager''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Manager''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Master''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Master''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Maven''' (GM)
 
*'''Game Maven''' (GM)
*'''Game Moderator''' (GM) - e.g. in ''[[Over the Edge]]''<ref name="forum2">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
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*'''Game Moderator''' (GM) - e.g. in ''[[Over the Edge]]''<ref name="forum2">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/page-2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2)] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>, ''[[Wild Talents]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Game Operations Designate (G.O.D.)''' - in ''[[The Legend of Yore]]''<ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_99.phtml Review of The Legend of Yore] at [[RPG.net]]</ref>
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*'''Game Operations Designate''' (G.O.D.) - in ''[[The Legend of Yore]]''<ref>Joe Walsh (2017-08-28). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_99.phtml "Review of ''The Legend of Yore''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
*'''Games Operation Director (G.O.D.)''' - e.g. in ''[[Haven: City of Violence]]''<ref>[https://www.geeknative.com/765/haven-city-of-violence/ Haven: City of Violence] at Geek Native</ref>
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*'''Games Operation Director''' (G.O.D.) - e.g. in ''[[Haven: City of Violence]]''<ref>Andrew Girdwood (2009-08-21). [https://www.geeknative.com/765/haven-city-of-violence/ "''Haven: City of Violence''"]. [[Geek Native]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
*'''Judge''' - e.g. in ''[[Marvel Super Heroes]]''
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*'''Game Operator''' - in ''[[Legacy]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Master of Ceremonies (MC)''' - e.g. in ''[[Apocalypse World]]'' and other games [[Powered by the Apocalypse]]
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*'''Game Organizer''' - in ''[[Dystopia Rising]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Narrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Seven Leagues]]''<ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/12/12417.phtml Review of Seven Leages] at [[RPG.net]]</ref>
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*'''Game Organizer and Decision-maker''' (G.O.D.) - in ''[[Now What?]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Game Shepherd''' - in ''[[Spiritual Warfare]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Gamesmaster''' (GM) - e.g. in ''[[Victoriana]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Guide''' - e.g. in ''[[Don't Look Back]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Host''' - e.g. in ''[[Ironclaw]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Judge''' - e.g. in ''[[Marvel Super Heroes]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Lead Narrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Valiant Universe]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Leader''' - e.g. in ''[[Shadows of Esteren]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Master of Ceremonies''' (MC) - e.g. in ''[[Apocalypse World]]'' and other games [[Powered by the Apocalypse]]
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*'''Mistress of Ceremonies''' (MC) - e.g. in ''[[The Watch]]''<ref>[[Brandes Stoddard]] (2017-03-16). [https://www.tribality.com/2017/03/16/the-watch/ "The Watch" (review)]. ''[[Tribality]]''. Retrieved 2020-02-25.</ref>
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*'''Moderator''' - e.g. in ''[[Blue Planet]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Narrator''' - e.g. in ''[[Seven Leagues]]''<ref>Iain Fyffe (2006-08-25). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/12/12417.phtml "Review of ''Seven Leagues''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>, ''[[Houses of the Blooded]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Producer''' - e.g. in ''[[Primetime Adventures]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Producer''' - e.g. in ''[[Primetime Adventures]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Referee''' - e.g. in ''[[Traveller]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/> or ''[[RuneQuest 2]]''<ref name="forum2"/>
 
*'''Referee''' - e.g. in ''[[Traveller]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/> or ''[[RuneQuest 2]]''<ref name="forum2"/>
*'''Storyguide''' - e.g. in ''[[Ars Magica]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/>
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*'''Storyguide''' - e.g. in ''[[Ars Magica]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/>, ''[[ChthulhuTech]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''StoryHost''' - in ''[[Enter the Shadowside]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Story Master''' - e.g. in ''[[Dungeons the Dragoning 7th Edition]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Storyteller''' - e.g. in ''[[Vampire: The Masquerade]]'' and other games by [[White Wolf Publishing]]
 
*'''Storyteller''' - e.g. in ''[[Vampire: The Masquerade]]'' and other games by [[White Wolf Publishing]]
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*'''Weaver''' - in ''[[Tribe 8]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''WorldMaster''' - in ''[[Adventure Maximum]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
   
Game-specific terms for GM include:
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===Game-specific terms for GM===
*'''Animator''' - in ''[[Toon:The Cartoon Roleplaying Game|Toon]]''<ref name="vocabulary">[http://www.philm.demon.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Vocabulary.html On The Vocabulary of Role-Playing] by Phil Masters</ref>
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*'''Absolute Judge''' - in ''[[Mechanical Dream]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019">Lowell Francis (2019-07-24). [https://www.gauntlet-rpg.com/blog/age-of-ravens-the-many-names-of-gamemasters-2019-update "Age of Ravens: The Many Names of Gamemasters (2019 Update)"]. [[The Gauntlet]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
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*'''Action Guide''' - in ''[[World Action and Adventure]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Adventure Master''' - in ''[[Dragonraid]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Airedale''' - in ''[[Knights of the Road, Knights of the Rail]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Al-Rawi''' - in ''[[Capharnaüm]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Animator''' - in ''[[Toon]]''<ref name="vocabulary">[[Phil Masters]]. [http://www.philm.demon.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Vocabulary.html "On The Vocabulary of Role-Playing"].</ref><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Antagonist''' - in [[Agon First Edition|''Agon'' First Edition]]<ref>Christopher W. Richeson (2007-07-23). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/13/13154.phtml "Review of ''AGON''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Ape Master''' - in ''[[Terra Primate]]''
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*'''Bartender''' - in ''[[Tales from the Floating Vagabond]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Big Cheese''' - in ''[[Rat Pack]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Big Mac Daddy''' - in ''[[StuperPowers!]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Booker''' - in ''[[Kayfabe]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Boss''' - e.g. in ''[[Low Life]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Cannibal-in-Charge''' - in ''[[Cannibal Contagion]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Castle Keeper''' - in ''[[Castles & Crusades]]''<ref name="forum">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/ Other terms for Gamemaster] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
 
*'''Castle Keeper''' - in ''[[Castles & Crusades]]''<ref name="forum">[https://forum.rpg.net/index.php?threads/other-terms-for-gamemaster.356721/ Other terms for Gamemaster] at the [[RPG.net]] Forums</ref>
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*'''Cat Herder''' - in ''[[Call of Catthulhu]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Cavemaster''' - in ''[[Cavemaster]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Chill Master''' - in ''[[Chill]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''City Planner''' - in ''[[Nightlife]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Commanding Officer''' (CO) - in ''[[MASHED]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Consul''' - in ''[[Super Dungeon Explore]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Continuum Master''' - in ''[[Timemaster|TIMEMASTER]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Corporation''' - in ''[[Merc]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Corpse Master''' - in ''[[Rotworld]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Creative''' - in ''[[World Wide Wrestling]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Creek Master''' - in ''[[Creeks & Crawdads]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Croupier''' - in ''[[Fastlane]]''
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*'''Cryptkeeper''' - in ''[[The World of Tales from the Crypt]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dawg Master''' - in ''[[Dawg the RPG]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dealer''' - in ''[[Dust Devils]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dean''' - in ''[[East Texas University]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Demiurgo''' - in ''[[Lex Arcana]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dispatcher''' - in ''[[Ninja Burger]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''DJ''' - in ''[[Spirit of '77]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dolphin Master''' - in ''[[Everything is Dolphins]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Dorn Keeper''' - in ''[[Dorn]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Dungeon Master''' (DM) - a trademarked term used only in ''[[Dungeons & Dragons]]'' (since 1975)
 
*'''Dungeon Master''' (DM) - a trademarked term used only in ''[[Dungeons & Dragons]]'' (since 1975)
*'''Hollyhock God (HG)''' - in ''[[Nobilis]]''<ref name="forum"/> and ''[[Chuubo's Marvelous Wish-Granting Engine]]'', both by [[Jenna Moran]]
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*'''Editor-in-Chief''' - in ''[[Rotted Capes]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Eminence Grise''' - in ''[[Agone]]''<ref>Conan McKegg (2002-02-15). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_5848.phtml "Review of ''Agone''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref> ('''Grey Eminence''' if translated from French, but ''eminence grise'' is an understood term in English too)
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*'''Engineer''' - in ''[[Steamfortress Victory]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Everyone Else''' - in ''[[Everyone is John]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Evil Mastermind''' - in ''[[Scared Stiff]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Excursion Master''' - in ''[[Excursions into the Bizarre]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Fairy Godmother''' - in ''[[I'm a Pretty Princess]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Fairytale Teller''' - in ''[[Wiedzmin]]'' (translated from Polish)<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Fate''' - in ''[[The World of Synnibarr]]''<ref>Darren MacLennan (2001-08-03). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/classic/rev_4762.phtml "Review of ''The World of Synnibarr''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
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*'''Fatemaster''' - in ''[[Through the Breach]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Fixer''' - in ''[[Leverage]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Frontier Master''' - in ''[[Strange Frontiers]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Galaxy Master''' (GM) - in ''[[Starfaring]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Game Sheriff''' - in ''[[Dzikie Pola]]'' (translated from the Polish)<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Gamekeeper''' - in ''[[Tales from the Wood]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''GeekMod''' (GM) - in ''[[Way of the Geeky]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''General Management''' (GM) - in ''[[Time & Temp]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''General Manager''' (GM) - in ''[[WWE: Know Your Role]]''<ref>SirPhoebos. [https://projects.inklesspen.com/fatal-and-friends/mahoshonen/wwe-roleplaying-game/ "''WWE Roleplaying Game''"]. [[FATAL & Friends]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
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*'''Genteel Magistrate''' (GM) - in ''[[Victorious]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Ghostmaster''' (GM) - in ''[[Ghostbusters]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Gore Master''' (GM) - in ''[[Dead Meat]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Grand Master''' (GM) - in ''[[Witch Hunter: The Invisible World]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Groundskeeper''' - in ''[[Bluebeard's Bride]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Hand of Fate''' - in ''[[The Secret of Zir'An]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Hazard Master''' - in ''[[Perilous]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Hollyhock God''' (HG) - in ''[[Nobilis]]''<ref name="forum"/> and ''[[Chuubo's Marvelous Wish-Granting Engine]]'', both by [[Jenna Moran]]
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*'''HoLmeister''' - in ''[[HoL]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Interrogator''' - in ''[[InTERRORgation]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Journey Master''' - in ''[[Dangerous Journeys]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Jump Master''' - in ''[[Jumpers]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Karma Fate Destiny Master''' - in ''[[Refuge in Audacity]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
 
*'''Keeper of the Arcane Lore''', or just '''Keeper''' - in ''[[Call of Cthulhu]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/>
 
*'''Keeper of the Arcane Lore''', or just '''Keeper''' - in ''[[Call of Cthulhu]]''<ref name="vocabulary"/>
*'''Puppetmaster''' - in ''[[Puppetland]]''<ref name="forum2"/>
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*'''Kennel Master''' - in ''[[Woof Meow]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Labyrinth Lord''' - in ''[[Labyrinth Lord]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Lejend Master''' - in ''[[Lejendary Adventure]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Loremaster''' - in ''[[The One Ring]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Maelstrom''' - in ''[[Maelstrom Dreamers]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Magister''' or '''Magistra''' - in ''[[Kata Kumbas]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Maim Master''' - in ''[[F.A.T.A.L.]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''The Man''' - in ''[[Starchildren]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Marakame''' - in ''[[Nahual]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Market''' - in ''[[Red Markets]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Marshall''' - in ''[[Deadlands]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Master Creator''' - in ''[[The Secret Fire]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Master of Tales''' - in ''[[Cursed Empire]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Mastercyb''' - in ''[[CYB: Gioco di ruolo in un lontano futuro]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Mayor''' - in ''[[Kobolds Ate My Baby]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Meister''' - in ''[[Das Schwarze Auge]]'' (German language)<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Minister of Revels''' - in ''[[Under Hollow Hills]]''<ref>[[Meguey Baker|Meguey]] and [[Vincent Baker]]. [https://lumpley.games/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Under-Hollow-Hills-Preview-The-Playbill.pdf "A Playbill" for ''Under Hollow Hills'']. ''lumpley games''. Retrieved 2020-02-25.</ref>
  +
*'''Mission Director''' - in ''[[Recon]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Mutant Lord''' - in ''[[Mutant Future]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Mythguide''' - in ''[[Aria: Canticle of the Monomyth]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Mythmaster''' - in ''[[Mythender]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Navigator''' - in ''[[Mermaid Adventures]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Negotiator''' - in ''[[Magicians]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
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*'''Neighborhood Watch Captain''' - in ''[[Dead Scare]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Netmaster''' - in ''[[Project Darklight]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Ninja Master''' - in ''[[Night of the Ninja]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Operations''' - in ''[[Wilderness of Mirrors]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Operator''' - in ''[[Qi: Living Energy]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Overlord''' - in ''[[Descent]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Overseer''' - in ''[[Catacombs]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Owner of Arcane Rules''' - in ''[[Pokéthulhu Adventure Game]]''<ref name="forum3"/><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Parser''' - in ''[[Parsely]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Playwright''' - in ''[[The Play's the Thing]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Pocket Master''' - in ''[[Pocket Fantasy]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Programmer''' - in ''[[Engine Heart]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Project Director''' - in ''[[Morrow Project]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Prophet''' - in ''[[The Seventh Seal]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Puppet Master''' - in ''[[Puppetland]]''<ref name="forum2"/><ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Q''' - in ''[[Star Trek: Alpha Quadrant]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Quest Master''' - in ''[[QuestCore]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Rattenmeister''' - in ''[[Ratten!]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Realm Controller''' - in ''[[Realms of the Unknown]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Regent''' - in ''[[Salem World]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Runner''' - in ''[[Rune]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Scenemaster''' - in ''[[Non-Essential Personnel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''SchoolMaster''' - in ''[[Alma Mater]]''<ref>Perdustin (2016-01-10). [https://thoulsparadise.blogspot.com/2016/01/the-high-school-role-playing-game.html "The High School Role-Playing Game"]. [[Thoul's Paradise]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
 
*'''Script Supervisor''' - in ''[[Golden Heroes]]''<ref name="forum"/>
 
*'''Script Supervisor''' - in ''[[Golden Heroes]]''<ref name="forum"/>
*'''Seneschal''' - in ''[[The Riddle of Steel]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/9/9273.phtml Review of The Riddle of Steel] at [[RPG.net]]</ref>
+
*'''Seneschal''' - in ''[[The Riddle of Steel]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>Chris Safruik (2003-04-28). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/9/9273.phtml "Review of ''The Riddle of Steel''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
*'''Watchtower''' - in ''[[Smallville]]''
+
*'''Sensei''' - in ''[[Chi-Chian RPG]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
*'''Wulin Sage''' - in ''[[Weapons of the Gods]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>[https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11486.phtml Review of Weapons of the Gods] at [[RPG.net]]</ref>
+
*'''Sherpa Guide''' - in ''[[Sherpa]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Sholari''' - in ''[[Skyrealms of Jorune]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''SIEGE Engineer''' - in ''[[StarSIEGE]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Skeptic''' - in ''[[Dude, Run!]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Space Master''' - in ''[[Impulse Drive]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''StarMaster''' - in ''[[Space Opera]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Strife Player''' - in [[Agon Second Edition|''Agon'' Second Edition]]
  +
*'''Superintendent''' - in ''[[Panty Exposion]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Superuser''' - in ''[[Freemarket]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Talespinner''' - in ''[[Crazy 8s]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Town Manager''' - in ''[[Turn (game)|Turn]]''<ref>Jared Rascher (2019-10-08). [https://gnomestew.com/turn-review/ "Turn Review"]. [[Gnome Stew]]. Retrieved 2020-04-05.</ref>
  +
*'''Troublemaker''' - in ''[[Flatpack]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''TWERPSMaster''' - in ''[[TWERPS]]''<ref name="forum3"/>
  +
*'''Umpire''' - in ''[[Lace & Steel]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''War Master''' - in ''[[Weird Wars]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Watcher''' - in ''[[Marvel Heroic Roleplaying]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Watchtower''' - in ''[[Smallville]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Winter''' - in ''[[Wolfspell]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Wulin Sage''' - in ''[[Weapons of the Gods]]''<ref name="forum"/><ref>Jye Nicolson (2005-08-22). [https://www.rpg.net/reviews/archive/11/11486.phtml "Review of ''Weapons of the Gods''"]. [[RPG.net]]. Retrieved 2020-01-05.</ref>
  +
*'''Zargon''', aka '''Morcar''' in the UK - in ''[[HeroQuest]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
  +
*'''Zombie Master''' - in ''[[All Flesh Must Be Eaten]]''<ref name="ageofravens2019"/>
   
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 07:02, April 5, 2020

A GM (also known by other terms, see below) is a participant in a multi-player role-playing game whose role is to describe the game world that the player characters inhabit, including by controlling NPCs. A GM is sometimes considered to be a player, but that term is also often used to describe game participants other than the GM.

GMs are so common in multi-player role-playing games that a game without a GM role is usually called GMless.

GMing tasks (responsibilities and expectations)

The GM role is associated with certain tasks. Depending on the system, a specific task may be a GM's responsibility, an expectation that falls on them, or (less often) a player's responsibility. Even when the task falls on the GM, the system may give them sufficient authority to delegate it to one or more other players.

GMing tasks include:

Terminology

The term GM was originally an acronym for game master, but is now a widely understood term in its own right.

The term game master existed in tabletop gaming before the creation of modern role-playing games with Dungeons & Dragons in 1974. For example, it appeared in the 1973 rules of the miniatures wargame Ironclad by Guidon Games. However, the first term used in original Dungeons & Dragons was referee (also used in wargaming)[1], before a new term was created specifically for Dungeons & Dragons in 1975's Blackmoor supplement by Dave Arneson: Dungeon Master (or DM). The term Dungeon Master was trademarked by TSR, and related specifically to the fantasy dungeon crawling style of play in D&D, so other early role-playing games (such as Tunnels & Trolls, Bunnies & Burrows in 1976, and Chivalry & Sorcery in 1977) reverted to the pre-existing term game master (or gamemaster, game-master, or GM).

The early terms game master and Dungeon Master have faced criticism, both because they imply a high level of control over the story by the GM (as opposed to the players) and because the gendered term master implies that GMs are male.

Many other terms for the GM have appeared in discourse or specific role-playing games. These other terms may have been used to address the criticism mentioned above, or to more closely align to the tone or setting of the specific games, or the role of the GM in those games. Some examples are included in the lists below.

Alternative generic terms for GM

Game-specific terms for GM

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 3) at the RPG.net Forums
  2. 2.000 2.001 2.002 2.003 2.004 2.005 2.006 2.007 2.008 2.009 2.010 2.011 2.012 2.013 2.014 2.015 2.016 2.017 2.018 2.019 2.020 2.021 2.022 2.023 2.024 2.025 2.026 2.027 2.028 2.029 2.030 2.031 2.032 2.033 2.034 2.035 2.036 2.037 2.038 2.039 2.040 2.041 2.042 2.043 2.044 2.045 2.046 2.047 2.048 2.049 2.050 2.051 2.052 2.053 2.054 2.055 2.056 2.057 2.058 2.059 2.060 2.061 2.062 2.063 2.064 2.065 2.066 2.067 2.068 2.069 2.070 2.071 2.072 2.073 2.074 2.075 2.076 2.077 2.078 2.079 2.080 2.081 2.082 2.083 2.084 2.085 2.086 2.087 2.088 2.089 2.090 2.091 2.092 2.093 2.094 2.095 2.096 2.097 2.098 2.099 2.100 2.101 2.102 2.103 2.104 2.105 2.106 2.107 2.108 2.109 2.110 2.111 2.112 2.113 2.114 2.115 2.116 2.117 2.118 2.119 2.120 2.121 2.122 2.123 2.124 2.125 2.126 2.127 2.128 2.129 2.130 2.131 2.132 2.133 2.134 2.135 2.136 2.137 2.138 2.139 2.140 2.141 2.142 2.143 2.144 2.145 2.146 2.147 2.148 Lowell Francis (2019-07-24). "Age of Ravens: The Many Names of Gamemasters (2019 Update)". The Gauntlet. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  3. Other terms for Gamemaster (page 5) at the RPG.net Forums
  4. Conan McKegg (2006-02-24). "Review of Armageddon: The End Times". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Other terms for Gamemaster at the RPG.net Forums
  6. Clemens Meier (2003-12-15). "Review of Pandemonium! Adventures in Tabloid World". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  7. Chris Timmins (2018-09-10). "I'd score it four fingers... maybe a thumb...". RPGGeek. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Other terms for Gamemaster (page 2) at the RPG.net Forums
  9. Joe Walsh (2017-08-28). "Review of The Legend of Yore". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  10. Andrew Girdwood (2009-08-21). "Haven: City of Violence". Geek Native. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  11. Brandes Stoddard (2017-03-16). "The Watch" (review). Tribality. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  12. Iain Fyffe (2006-08-25). "Review of Seven Leagues". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Phil Masters. "On The Vocabulary of Role-Playing".
  14. Christopher W. Richeson (2007-07-23). "Review of AGON". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  15. Conan McKegg (2002-02-15). "Review of Agone". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  16. Darren MacLennan (2001-08-03). "Review of The World of Synnibarr". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  17. SirPhoebos. "WWE Roleplaying Game". FATAL & Friends. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  18. Meguey and Vincent Baker. "A Playbill" for Under Hollow Hills. lumpley games. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  19. Perdustin (2016-01-10). "The High School Role-Playing Game". Thoul's Paradise. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  20. Chris Safruik (2003-04-28). "Review of The Riddle of Steel". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.
  21. Jared Rascher (2019-10-08). "Turn Review". Gnome Stew. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
  22. Jye Nicolson (2005-08-22). "Review of Weapons of the Gods". RPG.net. Retrieved 2020-01-05.

External links

  • GM at Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
  • Dungeon Master at Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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